Olivier Chazot

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Olivier Chazot

Full Professor and Head of the Department

Aeronautics and Aerospace Department

von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics
Waterloosesteenweg 72
1640 Sint-Genesius-Rode

Phone: +32 2 359 96 37

Biography

Education

PhD, EPM-Madylam, CNRS UPR A 9033, Grenoble France, 1997

Diplome d’Etude Avancées (DEA), Univ. Lyon I, 1993

Engineer degree in. Physics & Materials, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, INSA- Lyon, 1993

Career

Since 2010: Head of Aeronautics/Aerospace Department, VKI

2013- present: Professor, von Karman Institute

2006 - 2012: Associate Professor, von Karman Institute

2000 - 2006: Assistant Professor, von Karman Institute

1998 - 2000: ESA Post-Doctoral Research fellow

1997 - 1998: Post-Doctoral Research fellow, von Karman Institute

Awards and Memberships

Invitation to Russian Academy of Science, Moscow  (FNRS fellowship)I

Window on Science, USAF : (WGP Visit # 112 031), 4th AF/SNL/NASA WorshopI

Member of HDR (Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches) committee: Rouen University (France)I

Member of Scientific committee of AIAA International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies ConferenceI

Member of Scientific committee of European Symposium on Aerothermodynamics for Space Vehicles<I

Member of Scientific committee of International Workshop on Radiation of High Temperature Gases in Atmospheric EntryI

Member of Scientific committee of Symposium on Integrating CFD and Experiments in AerodynamicsI

Member of Technical committee of “Council of European Aerospace Societies (CEAS, Space Branch)I

Member of expert group: RTO-043 Working Group:I

Member of expert group: ESA Transition Working groupI

Member of ESA Plasma Working Group (2003-2005)I

Member of AVT-136/RTG-043: Assessment of Aerothermodynamic Flight Prediction Tools through Ground and Flight ExperimentationI

European chairman for STO-AVT 205: Assessment of Predictive Capabilities for Aerothermodynamic heating of hypersonic systemsI

Member of STO Task Group AVT 200 : Hypersonic Laminar/Turbulent transitionI

Member of STO Task Group AVT 199 : Catalytic Gas Surface interactions in Hypersonic flowsI

Member of GARTEUR Group AG51 : Effect of Laminar/Turbulent transition in Hypersonic flowsI

Invitation to AIAA Science Tech 2018 (FNRS fellowship)I

Scientist in residence at Zurich University of Arts. (Since December 2017)

Member of Advisory board in research for European Defense Agency - 2019 (Preparatory Programme)

Service to society

Reviewer of journals: International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics (IJCFD), AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer (JTHT), The Journal for Engineering Research (TJER), The Open Aerospace Engineering Journal (TOAEJ), Materials Chemistry and Physics (MATCHEMPHYS), Experiment in Fluids (EXIF), AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power (JP&P), Experiments in Thermal Fluid Science (ETFS), Aerospace Science and Technology (AESCTE). Surface Science (SUSC), Acta Astronautica (AA), Journal of Visualization (JOVI), Reviewer for AFOSR (US), JSPS (Japan), ANR (France), ERC (EU)

Teaching

Formal courses

Invited lecturer at:

Promotor of the PhD thesis

S. Tirtey - Characterization of a transitional hypersonic boundary layer in wind tunnel and flight conditions, Université Libre de Bruxelles (B), 2009

M. Panesi - Physical models for nonequilibrium plasma flow simulations at high speed re-entry conditions, University of Pisa (I), 2009

C. Asma – Experimental Investigation of Liquid Fragmentation in Hypersonic Cross Flow, Gent University (B), 2009

F. Panerai – Aerothermochemistry Characterization of Thermal Ptrotection Systems University of Peruga (I), 2011

J. Thoemel – Surface Catalysis in High Enthalpy Flows, Aachen University (D) 2012

A. Cipullo – Ground Testing Methodologies Improvement in Plasma Wind Tunnels using Optical Diagnostics, 2nd University of Naples (I), 2012

D. Masutti – Ground Testing Investigation of Hypersonic Transition Phenomena for Re-Entry Vehicle, TU Delft (NL) June 2013

G. Grossir – Longshot Hypersonic wind tunnel flow characterization and boundary layer stability investigations, ULB (B) July 2015

I. Sakraker - In-flight Experiment Design and Ground Testing of a Re-Entry CubeSat, University of Liege (B), February 2016

G. de Crombrugghe, On the Binary Scaling law in High Enthalpy facilities and its application of Venus atmospheric entry. University of Queensland, Autralia. March 2017

A. Viladegut, Validation of Gas-Surface Interaction Modeling for Lifting Body Re-Entry Flight Design, University of Catalunya, (S), December 2017

B. Van Hove, Trajectory and Atmospheric Reconstruction for Entry Vehicles, VUB (B), ongoing

Z. Ilich, Design of experiments to assess non-equilibrium nozzle flow phenomena in the VKI Longshot hypersonic tunnel, Aachen University (G), ongoing

A. Val de Benitez, Stochastic inference of the catalytic properties of Thermal Protection Materials from plasma wind tunnel experiments, Ecole Polytechnique Paris (F), ongoing

S. Demange, Absolute instability in plasma jet, ULB (B), ongoing

Invited member of PhD juries at

Université Libre de Bruxelles (B), Pisa University (I), Perpignan University (F), Gent University (B), Orléans University (F), University of Roma (I), University of Peruga (I), University of Aachen (D), University of Delft (NL), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (B). Vrije Universiteit Brussel (B), University of Liege (B), University of Napoli (I), University of Queensland (A), Polytechnic University of Catalunya (S)

Supervised over 70 post graduate students and more than 80 Short Training Programs students

Research

Principal investigator of funded research on

Flight experiments (Aerothermochemistry testing of Fotino capsule )

Validation of aerothermochemistry models for re-entry

Validation of aerothermodynamics tools for experimental and computational tools for the support of future Mars missions

Roughness Induced Transition and TPS Junction payloads on the EXPERT Vehicle

In-Flight experiment CATE (CATalysis Experiment) on the Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV)

Nanoparticle synthesis by plasma reactor

ATD assessment of separation manoeuver for VEGA launch

Aerothermodynamic Database for Space Rider vehicle (ESA)

Participation in European research projects

INTAS-ESA 99-01473 (100 k €, Comparative characterization of the VKI and the IPM Plasmatrons)

MSRO (1 M €, CNES, Mars Sample Return Orbiter)

EXPERT project ( 400 k €, ESA, European eXPErimental Rentry Testbed)

FLPP Phase1 (250 k €, ESA)

FAST 20XX (250 k €, EU, total budget: 7 M €)

FLPP Phase C2, IXV project (635 k €, ESA)

Phys4Entry (325 k €, EU, total budget 2.8 M €)

RASTAS SPEAR (152 k €, EU, total budget: 2.36 M €)

FLPP Phase D IXV project, integration (260 k €, ESA)

Enhancement of VKI Plasmatron Operational Capabilities (700 k €, ESA)

Aerodynamics of Hypervelocity Bodies (1 M€, ESA)

Stratofly (615 k€, EU, Total budget 4 M€)

Validation of Space debris demise tools (1.3 M€, ESA)

Principal investigator of USAF: Grant

Grant FA8655-08-1-3069: Spectroscopy measurements on ablation testing high enthalpy plasma (2007)

Grant FA8655-08-1-3070: Advanced non-equilibrium for hypersonic application (2007)

Grant FA8655-11-1-3066: An Integrated Experimental and computational study of Heating due to surface Catalysis under Hypersonic conditions. (2011)

Grant FA9550-16-1-0086 Plasma Wind Tunnel Testing of Electron Transpiration Cooling Concept for Hypersonic Vehicles (2015)

Publications

Click here for the list of publications of Olivier Chazot

  1. Chazot, O.; Vanden Abeele, D.; Carbonaro, M.: Comparison of experimental and numerical result for the dynamic pressure in an inductive plasma flow. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, December 1999, Vol. 891, pp 368-376
  2. Bottin, B.; Carbonaro, M.; Chazot, O.; Degrez, G.; Vanden Abeele, D.; Barbante, P.F.; Paris, S.; Vander Haegen, V.; Magin, T.; Playez, M.: A Decade of Aerothermal Plasma Research at the von Karman Institute. Contributions to Plasma Physics, 2004, Vol. 44, No. 5-6, pp. 472 – 477.
  3. Utyuzhnikov, S.V.; Konyukov, A.V.; Rudenko, D.V.; Valilevsii, S.A.; Kolesnikov, A.F.; Chazot; O.: Simulation of Subsonic and Supersonic flows in inductive Plasmatrons. AIAA Journal, Sept. 2004, Vol. 42, No 9, pp 1871-1877.
  4. Barbante, P.F. & Chazot, O.: flight extrapolation of plasma wind tunnel stagnation region flowfield. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, July-September 2006, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp 493-499.
  5. Panesi M., Rini P., Degrez G., Chazot O., Analysis of Chemical Nonequilibrium and Elemental demixing in Plasmatron Facility. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, January-March 2007, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp 57-66.
  6. J. Beloki Perurena, C. O. Asma, R. Theunissen , O. Chazot, Experimental investigation of liquid jet injection into Mach 6 hypersonic crossflow, Experiments in Fluids vol. 46, N.3, March 2009, pp 403– 417.
  7. Panesi, M.; Magin, T. E.; Bourdon, A.; Bultel, A.; Chazot, O., Analysis of the FIRE II flight experiment by means of a collisional radiative model, Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, Vol. 23, No 2, 2009, pp 236-248.
  8. Degrez G., A. Lani, M. Panesi, O. Chazot and H. Deconinck, Modelling of high enthalpy, high-Mach number flows. J. Phys D: Appl. Phys. 42 (2009) 19400 (16 pp)
  9. Tirtey S.,L. Walpot, O. Chazot, Characterisation of hypersonic roughness-induced boundary-layer transition. Experiment in Fluids, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2011, pp 407-418
  10. Panesi M., T.E Magin, A. Bourbon, A. Bultel, O. Chazot, Electronic excitation of atoms and molecules for the FIRE II flight experiment, Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, Vol. 25, Issue 3, July-September 2011, pp 361-373 (JCR Impact Factor 0,739)
  11. Panerai, F. & Chazot, O.: Characterization of gas/surface interactions for ceramic matrix composites in high enthalpy, low pressure air flow. Materials Chemistry and Physics, June 2012, Vol. 134, Issues 2-3, pp 567-607 (JCR Impact Factor 2,234)
  12. Verant, J.-L.; Perron, M.; Balat-Pichelin, O., Chazot, O.; Kolesnikov, A.; Sakharov, V.; Gerasimova, Omaly, P.: Microscopic and macroscopic analysis for TPS SiC material under Earth and Mars re-entry conditions, Int. J. Aerodynamics, Vol. 2, Nos. 2/3/4, 2012
  13. Masutti, D.; Spinosa, E.; Carbonaro, M.; Chazot, O.: Disturbance Level Characterization of a Hypersonic Blow-Down Facility, AIAA Journal, 2012, Vol. 50, Issue 12, pp 2720-2730 (JCR Impact Factor 1,057)
  14. Asma, C.O.; Chazot, O.; Vetrnao, M.R.: Sauter Mean Diameter Measurements of a Water Jet Injected into Hypersonic Air Flow, Accepted in Aerospace Science and Technology, 2012 (JCR Impact Factor 0,983)
  15. Marschall, J.; Pejakovic, D.A.; Fahrenholtz, W.G.; Hilmas, G.E.; Panerai, F.; Chazot, O.: Temperature jump phenomenon during plasmatron testing of ZrB2-SiC ultrahigh-temperature ceramics, Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, Vol. 26, Issue 4, October-December 2012, pp 559-572 (JCR Impact Factor 0,739)
  16. Masutti D., Spinosa E., Carbonaro M., Chazot O., Disturbance Level Characterization of a Hypersonic Blow-Down Facility, AIAA Journal, 2012, Vol. 50, Issue 12, pp 2720-2730
  17. Babou Y., D. Lequang, , O. Chazot, S. T. Surzhikov, A.S. Dikaljuk, A. Panarese, S. Longo, J. Homane, Z. Szymanski, A. Kaminska, M. Dudeck, D. Vacher. Experimental aspects in hypersonic and supersonic plasma flows. The Open Plasma Physics Journal, 2014, 7, (Suppl 1: M1)
  18. Panerai F., Helber B., Chazot O., Balat-Pichelin M., Surface temperature jump beyond active oxidation of carbon/silicon carbide composites in extreme aerothermal conditions. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2014.01.018. CARBON 71 (2014) 102 –119
  19. Cipullo A., Chazot O., Helber B., Panerai F., Zeni L., Investigation of free stream plasma flow produced by an ICP Wind Tunnel. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 2014, Vol. 28, Issue 3, pp 381-393
  20. Helber B., Asma C.O., Babou Y., Hubin A., Chazot O., Magin T. E., Material response characterization of a low density carbon-composite ablator in high-enthalpy plasma flows. Journal of Materials Science: DOI 10.1007/s10853-014-8153-z
  21. Villadegut A., Chazot O., Off-Stagnation Point Testing in Plasma Facility, Under review for EUCASS 2013 Flight Physics Volume
  22. Panerai, F.; Marschall, J.; Thömel, J.; Vandendael, I.; Hubin, A.; Chazot, O., Air plasma-material interactions at the oxidized surface of the PM100 nickel-chromium superalloy. Applied Surface Science, October 2014, Vol. 316, pp 385-39
  23. Panerai, F.; Helber, B.; Chazot, O.; Nickel, K.G.; Balat-Pichelin, M., Aerothermal response of ceramic matric composites to nitrogen plasma at temperatures above 2000 K. Aerospace Science and Technology, December 2014, Vol. 39, pp 1-5
  24. Balat-Pichelin M, Charpentier L., Panerai F., Chazot O., Helber B., Nickel K., Passive/active oxidation transition for CMC structural materials designed forthe IXV vehicle re-entry phase. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 35 (2015) 487–502
  25. Bernd Helber, Olivier Chazot, Annick Hubin, Thierry E. Magin, Microstructure and gas-surface interaction studies of a low-density carbon-bonded carbon fiber composite in atmospheric entry plasmas, Composites Part A (2015), pp. 96-107
  26. Sakraker I., Turchi A. and O. Chazot; A Flight-to-Ground Extrapolation Methodology for Hypersonic Aerothermochemistry Duplication in a Ground Plasma Facility. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 52, No. 5 (2015), pp. 1273-1282. DOI: 10.2514/1.A33137
  27. B. Helber O. Chazot, A. Hubin, and T. E. Magin, Emission Spectroscopic Boundary Layer Investigation during Ablative Material Testing in Plasmatron, Journal of Visualized Experiments, in press, 2015. (open access video article)
  28. G. de Crombrugghe, R. Morgan, O. Chazot; Theoretical Approach and Experimental Verification of the Role of Diffusive Transport under Binary Scaling Conditions; International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 97 (2016) 675–682
  29. Ceglia, G.; Trifoni, E.; Gouriet, J.-B.; Chazot, O.; Mareschi, V.; Rufolo, G.; Tumino, G.: Experimental investigation on IXV TPS interface effects in Plasmatron. CEAS Space Journal, June 2016, Vol. 8, pp 65-75
  30. Grossir, G.; Van Hove, B.; Paris, S.; Rambaud, P.; Chazot, O.: Free-stream static pressure measurements in the Longshot hypersonic wind tunnel and sensitivity analysis. Experiments in Fluids, May 2016, Vol. 57, Paper 64
  31. A. Viladegut, F. Paneari, O; Chazot, T; Pichon, P. Bernard, C. Verdy, C. Coddet; Design, Integration and Preliminary results of the IXV CATalysis Experiment; CEAS Space Journal; DOI 10.1007/s12567-016-0136-2
  32. A. Viladegut, U. Düzel, O. Chazot, Diffusion effects on the determination of surface catalysis in Inductively Coupled Plasma facility, Chemical Physics 485–486 (2017) 88–97
  33. Knight, D., Chazot, O., et al Assessment of predictive capabilities for aerodynamic heating in hypersonic flow, Progress in Aerospace Sciences (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paerosci.2017.02.001
  34. C. Levet, B. Helber, J. Couzi, J. Mathiaud, J.-B. Gouriet, O. Chazot, G. L Vignoles, Microstructure and gas-surface interaction studies of a 3D carbon/carbon composite in atmospheric entry plasma, Carbon, 2017, Vol. 117, pp 84-97
  35. Sanson, F.; Villedieu, N.; Panerai, F.; Chazot, O.; Congedo, P.; Magin, T.E.: Quantification of uncertainty on the catalytic property of reusable thermal protection materials from high enthalpy experiments. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 2017, Vol. 82, pp 414-423
  36. G. de Crombrugghe, O. Chazot, T.J . McIntyre, R. Morgan, Experimental Evidence of the Impact of Radiation Coupling on Binary Scaling applied to Shock Layer Flows. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.120 May 2018, pp. 568–574
  37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.071
  38. G L. Vignoles, A. Turchi, D. Bianchi, P. Blaineau, X. Lamboley, D. Le Quang Huy, C. Levet, O. Caty, O. Chazot Ablative and catalytic behavior of carbon-based porous thermal protection materials in nitrogen plasmas, Accepted for publication in CARBON

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